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Drawing up a project plan of Your garden. New ideas for Your garden and estate.

Factors affecting the design of the garden

New ideas for Your garden and estate

Table of contents


Factors affecting the design of the garden

Drawing up a project plan of Your garden

The surface of Your garden

Walls, fences, gates, trellis


Gates (Gates)


Garden landscaping

Flower beds and borders

Rocky gardens (rock gardens)

Raised Flower Beds


Decorative furniture

Gazebos and pinnacles

Arches and pergolas

Gazebo and tree houses

Canopies and shelves

The charm of swimming pools and fountains


There is no point endlessly to puzzle solving, what will be your garden. There is no point endlessly ispisivati sheets of paper. Instead, try to determine exactly what you want from your garden.

The first step in planning your garden is to identify the features that you want in his place. You should make a list of "must have" and "would like to". If you have small children, for example, you will need a place where they could play in safety, within sight of the house. If you think about the inclusion of items that will ease your life when you retire, you may want to build a raised flower bed, or to replace large curbs simple landscape, easy to maintain. If you have Pets, you need to take care of a safe place for them. If your family is elderly, you should postroitj several wide tracks, possibly with railings. If you want to grow plants, you will need to think about the greatest place for the installation of greenhouses and greenhouse.

It is very likely that your list would be too long and unrealistic, and the next step is to improve it, taking into account the factors of space, time and money. If you like the idea of building a pool, but there is not enough space or money, can still bury this idea. Other items, even thoughtful, may be incompatible. Children playing with a ball on the lawns and large flower beds filled with plants that are incompatible in a small garden. Football gate and greenhouses should not be near, although carefully spaced lattice and partitions could help to overcome this problem.

Make sure that you include required* items in your final list. If you have a large garden, a problem could be the solution, how much space to allocate to each section and how to distinguish one from the other. If you have a small garden, you'll need to limit yourself to only one or two parts of the project, and the smaller the amount of space that you have at your disposal, the more resourceful should be your project.

Remember that your children will not always be cetme. If you plant the tree in the center of the lawn on which they are running, playing soccer, it will be big enough that you could relax in his shadow by the time when they grow up. If you create a sandbox for your children, it can be converted into a small water tank, when they are no longer interested in castles of sand. The children's house, your child could eventually become a gazebo or pergola in the garden.

Time and money are the main factors that need to be borne in mind in developing a plan. So you are not disappointed later, plan, only the garden that you can afford and you will be able to maintain at a proper level. The whole thing is that the garden you can think of on any purse. Creating landscape even for a small site with the best modern materials and luxury, Mature plants will cost quite expensive. But, making the plan even for a large garden and taking into account inexpensive materials, as well as the fact that you intend to plant is not Mature plants and shoots, and are willing to wait until they grow up is the best way to develop a beautiful garden with a limited budget. The difference in price between the young plants that will grow two or three years to reach maturity and purchase a fully grown plants is enormous. You can also save money by buying perennials, instead of constantly renewing your beds with annuals and biennial plants.

Flower beds can be filled seeded annuals, while you will not be able to afford the more expensive trees and shrubs. Use painted flower pots, while you will not be able to afford a statue or a sculpture, you have imagined in your original project. Bulbs will produce spring and summer flowers interesting colors, while large, slower-growing plants will not Mature. Containers filled with seasonal plants can be placed around other plants to fill the gaps.

Use the following as a guide to the type of items that you might want to include in your new garden project:

• Patio or area for roasting shish kebab

• Sunbathing lawn

• Borders for plants

• Conservatory

• A compost pile

• Vegetable and fruit gardens

• Herbal garden

• Summer house

• Canopy

• Barn

• Children's games area

• Water facility

If your project includes patio and walkways or raised beds, using the same materials for all structures will provide the garden unifying element. Tracks of different colors of stone used for patios will look strange. Solid materials are also getting old and soft, and if you delay the construction of one or more garden items, even if you use the same type of stone, you may have to wait several years before they will look the same.

Although each garden is as individual as its owner, most of them can be divided into four categories, and when you're planning your own garden, it is useful to think about your garden in terms of one of these styles.

English gardens. One of the keys to this project is the simplicity. No fuss, triclimate, very strictly. Lines and shapes are usually simple, consist of straight lines and right curves. The project is based on squares, rectangles, circles and ellipses, the structure is provided by a gravel or paved areas. Within this structure there are various items and flower beds, preferably with the correct form.

Symmetry is another key to severity. Patterns must be correct, and landing must be balanced from one side of the flower bed to the other. Ordered the planting of trees or shrubs or the position of the containers on the track or around flower beds creates a good impression. Not everything needs to be balanced. Often a separate container creates the right accent Reservoirs correct form, often aligned with concrete and with a fountain or jet of water. Containers with a single instance, often pruned tree or Bush, are a common way to represent plants. Plants also often contained within a formal flower garden or complex grounds, consisting of low clipped boxwood. Instead fill them with plants, these areas within these hedges are left empty or filled with colored gravel. Plants should be few and simple. Planted some plants in pots in strict symmetry. Avoid mixing too many colors. Do not plant plants that require complex care. In most English gardens are deciduous plants. Some like to grow only trees and shrubs, partly because of their green foliage, but also because the growth of such plants can be controlled, cutting foliage.

Most people feel comfortable in the gardens informal style, where the game of football or water sports will look wildly garden, where vengeance weeds growing along with the normal plants. This style originates from the village of garden where vegetables and flowers are often mixed together, and the plants were not installed in accordance with a large complex project, but simply because there was a gap that needed to be filled. However, not everyone feels comfortable in this plant anarchy, and many people prefer a more standard approach. The colors of the plants can be selected so that there was little hint of harmony. Plants can be planted rather thoughtful than a coincidence, but the result should be unobtrusive ease. Custom garden allows you to mix what would not be able to think, with the English garden style. A place for roasting shish kebab or Playground for children to play, for example, perfectly combined with decorative borders. Vegetable plots mixed with colors and do not need their own distinct areas. Although this arrangement may seem completely random, it requires careful advance planning to ensure that the garden does not look abandoned. This garden is very suitable for small children. Confusion bushes creates the perfect "camp" and the place to play hide and seek. Kids will scatter around toys and balls. If the garden is used for ball games, flower beds with straight sides can be more appropriate than curved. Well manicured lawn and the kids are incompatible. It is better to choose the coarse grass, which will look much less standard but more suitable for Jogging and Biking a lot better. Forms of borders and patio and the location of the tracks can be anything. The main condition is that you feel comfortable to be in the midst of all of this. In General, curved flowerbeds look more attractive than flowerbeds with straight edges, but better run too extreme curves and awkward angles. Such beds are pretty hard to plant flowers and to handle.

Some people most often follow modern trends and fashion. Garden designs are also subject to fashion. More recently, it was necessary to employ a fashionable modern designer who will design your garden, but now the modern styles and trends, are still often invent designers, are illustrated in a wide range of magazines and anyone can copy. Read magazines garden design and fashion magazines will provide a wealth of ideas that can be used to fulfill your own desires. Materials, especially for containers play an important role in this garden. Until recently, earth tones were fashionable and for painting pots widely used terracotta. Today popular galvanized containers, and the most recent trend is stainless steel. As with materials and plants - some more popular than others. In recent years, there has been a surge of interest in herbs that are ideal for small gardens, because they can be used in many different ways, you can grow as a single plant or as a mass planting. Bamboo is used in the same way. Bright, colorful plants become more fashionable as well as hardy annuals.

Another trend in modern gardens - address parcel with room in the house and reduce the amount of garden plants. Plot vymeshivaetsya stone or brick, used plants of the same species, and, in small quantities. Excluded plants, time-consuming to maintain. Climbing plants and vegetation on the walls and fences replaced by mosaics. Bushes and trees are replaced by sculpture and art objects. No lawn care, because all the grass was replaced with a hard surface. The garden is reduced to Essentials, it becomes a site with minimal care, garden for those who hate or do not have time for tedious gardening, but I want from time to time to relax in a pleasant atmosphere.

As in all aspects of our life, traveling to other countries affect our gardens, but from all countries Japan probably has the biggest influence on the design of gardens. The simplicity and tranquility of the local gardens have been copied in the West. The essence of Japanese gardens - easy, which creates a sense of calm and peace. Japanese garden - the area is full of calm around the house. The only aspect of simplicity is the limited use of materials and plants. In the past, each element in the garden had its own value, and today this is still true, but now the symbolism is seen only from a historical point of view. Nature plays a dominant role in the Japanese garden. Instead of creating a miniature landscape, as we could do in the West, Japanese forces you to think. Where we could build, say, a rocky garden, Japanese gardener would use rocks and boulders* to represent mountains or Islands, while evened the gravel or sand is used to represent water. In nature are rarely straight lines, and in the Japanese garden.

Streams and waterfalls are constantly used in Japanese gardens, they are usually imitations of mountain streams. Water is also presented in the form of small reservoirs, it gently flows through the garden through artificial routes - on pipes from split bamboo. Sometimes it is an intricate system with one pipe, slowly filling, sparkling and flowing into the next, and so on. The water is calm or only flows, there are no fountains, so as not to disturb the peace. In addition to this water in Japanese gardens often the water is only simulated, the area is evened gravel, for example, is circulating water, while the rounded stones of the island. Often shreds of moss pass through rocks and boulders, depicting a stream flowing down to the gravel. Some ornaments are used within the garden, the most famous of them - the Japanese lanterns. These stone or metal lanterns often like miniature buildings to illuminate key points along the tracks or water. They are often placed near water to be reflected in it. The paths are covered with gravel or stone, stone steps - another common item - made of stone slabs or discs tree trunks. Bridges are often built to cross real or imaginary threads. In large gardens can be a pavilion or tea house, and around the house can be built loggia, where you can view the garden.

As soon as you know your plot and understand what you exactly want from your garden, what features should be kept and how much time you want to spend on maintenance, you can start the project. But before you can implement any ideas"~in life, go in the garden or on the Heath, which should be your garden and decide on the form and color shades. As soon as the idea starts to form, you can define them on the spot. In this stage of planning, let your imagination to spend a lot of time to consider all options.

Design, preparation of drawings in scale, the list of plants and so on really is not such a large amount of time as you would think. Accuracy is important, but it is not so difficult to achieve, if you are methodical and careful, the site should be carefully measured and drawn plan. First of all, you should clean the garden from any debris or unwanted objects. Then use a stick and a long line (preferably thick and well visible) as layouts where everything should be. Continue to make changes to the markup, while you will not get perfect location details of the plot. The hose is very handy for marking curves plots, especially non-standard curb or pond. Complex parts require more precise and detailed scheme, which can be done with white paint directly on the ground. Ladder installed at the height of the fence will give you a clear idea of the required height details. If it looks too high, throwing too much shade, select a different point of view. Put the chair in the intended for otdyhai try looking there: is it the best place or you can find better? Once you understand the basic settings, you will more easily transfer parts, whether on paper - when you start working, it will be convenient to refer to. Before you make a plan, write markup in place for about a week to finally see the reality and practicality of your plan. Then make a plan.

Now you should be ambitious plan, which should combine basic garden items. When you razmerita plot, move your ideas on a large-scale plan. Start with marking the area of the lawn, paving and boundaries, and when the full sketch more or less will be completed, start to place the main parts.

It is likely that you are in the course of the work, change the plan several times, this is normal. A good garden is skillful planning is future-proof and subject to situational changes. Despite the fact that the plan is needed, it will never need too to adhere to, otherwise the garden will not be in harmony with the environment. Remember that the garden consists of live parts, which are constantly changing size and shape. Nothing is static and nothing grows in direct lines, and the regulation of the garden will need all the time.

An ambitious plan, which is drawn on lined paper, will allow you evaluate the space you have, and see the relative space that you have allocated for different parts of your garden:

• Show the main wall of the house

• Mark the border fences and walls. Show the status of the existing doors and gates

• Draw patio

• Specify the size of existing objects (bodies of water, trees and so on) that you intend to keep

• Check side light

• Show where you will be building (shed, greenhouse, compost heap and so forth)

• Specify the scope of the lawn. Display area for curbs

• Mark the area for fruits and vegetables

• Draw tracks

For accurate scale drawing, you will need to carefully measure your garden. Include drawing any paths and the corner of the fence. Make these measurements in a couple of preliminary sketches of the plan, before using them to make a scale drawing. Start with the house, carefully measure and record the length of the walls and the location of the doors and lower Windows. Measure all the angles and areas of the house. Very few sites actually will prove to be correct squares or rectangles, it is quite possible that some lines will not direct. Rather than try to learn the location of all of your angles relative to each other, it is much easier to measure them relative to two fixed points, such as corners of the house. In this . each change of direction and angle will get to the point of the triangle. Features of the garden, for example, curbs, trees and plants can be measured from the closest to him of the border. Measure, at what distance along the length and at what angles the object is to the border of the garden and make measurements in the sketch plan. For an object type of shed or Conservatory measure two adjacent corner to get the location and angle of the building and then take a full measure. To spend the curves from a straight line, use the measuring principle is "how far and how much is given". Finally, it is also a good idea to make a record of the size of the overhanging trees and the diameter or width of the bushes. Noting the position of all existing features, apply orientation and note the time of the appearance of shadows cast by buildings and plants in the garden and outside. Of course, your personal taste will affect the final project you will choose for your garden, but there are basic principles that must be present in each diagram. These guidelines project will also help the novice gardener to bring their ideas to life. For starters, because the garden will be visible mainly from home, go in the house and take all your major decisions, watching from the Windows. Not for a moment forget that the house is part of the garden, so the garden project is compiled in disagreement with the style of your home, will not be considered correct. You can go and look at the different types of gardens on other sites or directories before you begin to create your own garden.

The gardens are sometimes classified as classic or informal. Classical gardens are symmetrical gardens with a Central walkway or lawn and identical items with each hand, while informal gardens tend to be more scenic than planned and rarely repeat the same idea. Rather, they will consist of flowing curves than straight lines or geometric shapes.

Determine the location of your garden. The rectangular arrangement will look good for a city garden. Most of the lines here will be straight and parallel or boldly curved. The diagonal arrangement suitable for informal gardens. Although it is mainly composed of straight lines, compensating the angle makes it look more interesting. For informal gardens often use curved (round) location, which creates a fuzzy boundaries and spaces of varying widths.

Consider the basic shapes and patterns. This is the most important element in the design of the garden. In a really nice garden form and a sample of each component from a wide walkway or lawn to contrasting. forms miniature bushes in specific stone container or terracotta pot will be completely thought out.

You can stay on the repeated use of vertical forms such as arches that lead the eye to the far distance. This result will work in the formal symmetrical context and a more informal zigzag pattern. The garden will look soothing to the eyes, if the vertical form to oppose the adjacent low mound. Some forms of squares and circles inside squares static and calm, because they are self-sufficient as a form, and go nowhere, while the diagonal and curved lines are active and full of movement, because they lead the eye from one place to another. A static picture corresponds to a classical garden, while active ,the pattern is best for an informal garden. Make sure that all the lines of your sample are look for some accent point, whether it is a separate tree or statue. This will create the tempo of the pattern of the garden.

One of the easiest ways to judge how the new features will look in your garden to make some photos of your garden from different angles and to increase them. Draw ..new walkway, patio., greenhouses, gazebos or any features that you want to change, on transparent paper, placing it on top of the pictures, you can combine multiple options and change the shape and size of various elements, until you are satisfied with the new layout.

Before undertaking any project, first draw a few diagrams on paper. Note the figure on the right. The most simple project (1) shows how easy it is to break the correctness of the square, while maintaining the sense of place. A more complex version of (2) consists of the same stones for paving, but with the plates removed in a messy picture. The most classic design (4) has gravel and paving static, symmetrical pattern, it will make the garden visually smaller, but will soften the Squareness of the garden. The most active project (3) has a diagonal line across the square. This simple separation helps to create two additional areas.

Use mirrors to create the illusion of space or to reflect and enhance certain features such as movement, foliage or a beautiful view. If the mirror properly placed, they make the garden is visually much more. In a small garden with a tiny patch of the sky, carefully placed mirror can reflect the sky and thus increase the effect of light on the garden. Placed behind a small pond, the mirror will likewise increase the reflection and movement of water. Mirrors can be all types and shapes and can be mounted on walls, barriers, or among the bushes. They must be safe, carefully and securely installed. Try closing frame mirror foliage for a more realistic result. Amazing illusion can be created using several round mirrors embedded in the barrier, to reflect the sky, creating the effect of portholes.

The mirror is a good accompaniment to garden lighting, and two mirrors can be used together for better results. Mirrors can do wonders if they are used in flower beds behind areas of lush vegetation, when they can create the feeling of a thick, wide area or to reflect the colors of the plants.

You also need to consider some of the decorative features of the garden. They do not need to be a lot, but they just have to draw the eye. In a small garden make one or two such items, if you have a large garden, make decorative features were not competing for attention. Here is a small list of decorative garden items. This is something you can do yourself.

• stand-alone plant or tree

• sculptured topiary bushes

• statue or obelisk

• sundial

• elegant bench pond or fountain

• one wall painted in a bright or contrasting color

• gazebo or pergola

Abstract to the material:

Now you finally become a happy owner of a private house, and, as a consequence, garden. A small caveat: there is a view not a luxurious garden, with shady avenues (you probably got a pile of construction debris and a running lawn). In the best case, Your garden is perfectly manicured, but be consistent with the nature of the previous owners, and not yours.

But the garden should be like You. In our book You will find projects for all variants of the garden. We have ideas and suggestions for the use of construction and finishing materials, which will allow You to develop and implement a garden that matches Your desires and needs, reflecting Your individuality and requirements of Your family. You will be able to build tracks, fences, areas for recreation and games, pools and fountains, gazebos, weed garden beds, borders, lighting garden - in any style, classic or trendy. We will help You create the garden of Your dreams.

Our catalog of decorative shaped castings of cast iron includes:

- Antispermalnye bollards, bollard, protective barriers

Gazebos, pergolas, awnings, canopies

Fireplaces, furnaces

Flower beds, flower beds, vases and planters

- Brackets, console, sconce

- Manholes, storm grates, storm-water inlets

- Tree grilles for trees

Advertising Board, signboards

- Benches, street bench, benches

- Chairs, tables, tables

Street bins, bins

- Lampposts, lanterns ,street lamps, floor lamps, chandeliers

Fountains, water column

Elements fences, ladders, fences, doors, gates, window grills

- Balusters

- Decorative lighting

- Garden lights

- Garden light

- Lighting plot

- Landscaping lights

Park lamps

Landscape lighting

- Led lights

- Bollards, fencing posts

- Masks

- Landscape lighting